strain

I.
/streɪn / (say strayn)

verb (t)
1. to draw tight or taut; stretch, especially to the utmost tension: to strain a rope.
2. to exert to the utmost: to strain one's ears to catch a sound.
3. to impair, injure, or weaken by stretching or overexertion, as a muscle.
4. to cause mechanical deformation in (a body or structure) as the result of stress.
5. to stretch beyond the proper point or limit: to strain the meaning of a word.
6. to make excessive demands upon: to strain one's resources; to strain one's credit.
7. to pass (liquid matter) through a filter, sieve, or the like, in order to hold back the denser or solid constituents.
8. to draw off (clear liquid) or hold back (solid particles, etc.) from liquid matter by using a filter, sieve, or the like.
9. to clasp tightly in the arms, the hand, etc.
10. Obsolete to constrain, as to a course of action.
verb (i)
11. to pull forcibly: a dog straining at a leash.
12. to stretch one's muscles, nerves, etc., to the utmost.
13. to make violent physical efforts; strive hard.
14. to be subjected to tension or stress; suffer strain.
15. to filter, percolate, or ooze.
16. to trickle or flow.
noun
17. any force or pressure tending to alter shape, cause fracture, etc.
18. strong muscular or physical effort; great or excessive effort of any kind.
19. an injury to a muscle, tendon, etc., due to excessive tension or use; a sprain.
20. Colloquial urethritis (def. 1).
21.
a. an injury to or deformation of any body or structure resulting from stress.
b. Physics the extent of such deformation expressed as the ratio of the dimensional change to the original unstrained dimension (length, area, or volume).
22. the condition of being strained or stretched.
23. extreme or excessive striving after some object or effect.
24. severe, trying, or wearing pressure or effect: the strain of hard work.
25. a severe demand on resources, feelings, a person, etc.: a strain on one's hospitality.
26. Obsolete a flow or burst of language, eloquence, etc.
27. (singular or plural, often collective plural) a passage of music or song as rendered or heard: the strains of a violin.
28. Music a section of a piece of music more or less complete in itself.
29. a passage or piece of poetry.
30. tone, style, or spirit in expression: a humorous strain.
31. Rare a particular degree, height, or pitch attained.
phrase
32. strain the potatoes (or spuds), Colloquial (of a male) to urinate.
33. strain the truth, to give an account that is close to unbelievable.
{Middle English streyne, from Old French estrein-, estreindre bind tightly, clasp, squeeze, from Latin stringere draw tight}
II.
/streɪn / (say strayn)

noun
1. the body of descendants of a common ancestor, as a family or stock.
2. any of the different lines of ancestry united in a family or an individual.
3. a group of plants distinguished from other plants of the variety to which it belongs by some intrinsic quality, such as a tendency to yield heavily.
4. an artificial variety of a species of domestic animal or cultivated plant.
5. a variety, especially of microorganisms.
6. ancestry or descent.
7. hereditary or natural character, tendency, or trait: a strain of insanity in a family.
8. a streak or trace.
9. Rare a kind or sort.
{Middle English strene, from Old English strēon lineage}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strain — can refer to: * Strain (biology), a variant of a plant, virus or bacterium; or an inbred animal used for experimental purposes * Strain (chemistry), a chemical stress of a molecule * Strain (continuum mechanics), the deformation of materials… …   Wikipedia

  • Strain — Strain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. [ e]treindre, L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to E. strike …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • străin — STRĂÍN, Ă, străini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care face parte din populaţia altei ţări decât aceea în care se află sau trăieşte; (om, fiinţă) care este originară din altă regiune, localitate etc. decât aceea în care se află sau locuieşte,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Strain — Strain, n. 1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • strain — strain1 [strān] vt. [ME streinen < OFr estraindre, to strain, wring hard < L stringere, to draw tight: see STRICT] 1. to draw or stretch tight 2. to exert, use, or tax to the utmost [to strain every nerve] 3. to overtax; injure by… …   English World dictionary

  • strain# — strain n 1 *variety, subspecies, race, breed, cultivar, clone, stock 2 streak, vein, *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tincture, tinge, shade, smack, spice, dash strain vb 1 sprain (see under STRAIN n 2) *demur, scruple, balk, jib, shy,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • strain — [n1] pain, due to exertion ache, anxiety, bruise, brunt, burden, constriction, effort, endeavor, exertion, force, injury, jerk, pressure, pull, sprain, stress, stretch, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity, twist, wrench; concept 728 Ant. health …   New thesaurus

  • Strain — Strain, n. [See {Strene}.] 1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family. [1913 Webster] He is of a noble strain. Shak. [1913 Webster] With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — ストレイン (Sutorein) Type Seinen Genre Action Thèmes Crime Manga Auteurs Buronson (scénario) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strain — (str[=a]n), v. i. 1. To make violent efforts. Straining with too weak a wing. Pope. [1913 Webster] To build his fortune I will strain a little. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — bezeichnet: die US amerikanische Schauspielerin Julie Strain den Manga Strain (Manga) von Ryoichi Ikegami Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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